Al Hawadeth for Arab Americans

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YOUNG PEOPLE WANT TO LEAVE HOME.

Publish Date: 7/7/2022 11:29:22 PM

YOUNG PEOPLE WANT TO LEAVE HOME.

By Professor Bob Rabboh*

Unemployment, poverty, and income inequalities in the MENA region will be examined and analyzed as follows.

1. CHALLENGES - 60 percent of the population in the Arab countries under the age of 33. Despite this young demographic, the region suffers the highest unemployment rates in the world and stood at 29.5 percent.

The world Inequality Report (2020) has marked the Arab region as leading the world economic inequality. Whereas 10 percent of its population accounting for 75 percent of the wealth. However, when citizens protest declining high standards and diminishing life opportunities, several Arab countries continue to respond with stronger measures of security.

Notably rising income inequality and wealth disparity is the trend with the highest potential impact on Arab societies, and the primary factor leading to polarization

The Arab region is the only part of the world where extreme poverty has risen in the last 8 years to reach 25 percent of the population. Hence, 17.1 million people expected to be pushed into poverty this year 2022, increasing impoverished people in the region to 125 million people. Here, Gallop roll in 2018, young people want to leave home. The trend bright Arab minds moving overseas reflects the startling one in the region: Talented young people's desire pursue opportunities anywhere but home .That is the Gallop indicated that close to half of the population between 16-29 surveyed expressed desire to emigrate . This does have potentially negative economic and social implication for the countries in the region, where the youngest and most educated increasingly want to leave.

2. THE IMPACT OF COVID- 19 PANDEMIC - the interruption of schooling deepened the education crisis and widened existing inequalities. Already before COVID -19, the region had more than 20 million children out of school and one of the lowest rates of return to education in the world.

3. LEADING CAUSE OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY - high labor force growth, current education system and curricula do not match the evolving labor market and the changing nature of work, they do not provide young people with enough skills. In far too many places , schools have become factories to produce no more than unemployed graduates . The situation is worsened by economies that cannot offer enough value- added jobs to employ ambitious young people .More important at this juncture , the future of the region will be made in the region .Poverty and its attendant inequalities are a long term threat because they are intimately associated with other deficiencies in education and political rights that keep people poor , strain societies and wreaking entire countries .Incorporating global best practices and the latest scientific and technological advances the gap between current skills of the workforce and the expected capabilities of the future .

Private sector rather than the public sector must be where the jobs of the future are created, stimulating employment growth for young segments of the population, develop and modernize educational systems in the region. In the course of meeting the above changes, governments in the region must find a new way balance of government services, meet essential human needs, and encourage the development of the private sector rather than reliance on the state.

 

*Professor Bob Rabboh can be reached at brabboh@gmail.com. The opinions expressed in our published works are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinions of الحوادث Al Hawadeth Newspaper, Al Hawadeth for Arab Americans, alhawadeth.net or their Editors.

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