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Obama warns he will veto any domestic legislation which undermines Iran agreement

Publish Date: 7/14/2015 11:33:26 AM

 

.Jul 14, 2015  AA 

U.S. President Barack Obama has hailed Tuesday's Iran nuclear-program agreement reached by the P5+1 group of world powers and the Islamic Republic.

"This deal cuts off every path Iran might take to creating nuclear weapons," Obama said in a televised speech.

"It meets our national security needs, and those of our allies," he added.

However, Obama warned that he would veto any domestic U.S. legislation which might undermine the agreement.

"The United States has negotiated from a position of strength and principle," Obama said. "We have stopped the spread of nuclear weapons in this region, the most volatile region in the world."

"I welcome the scrutiny that Congress and the American people will bring to this deal," Obama said.

"I have, many times, been forced to consider the idea of using armed force to restrict Iran's nuclear program," Obama continued, adding: "Happily, a diplomatic solution made that unnecessary."

"Put simply," the president said, "no deal means the chance of more war in the Middle East."

Obama reminded opponents of the pact that "we don't make deals like this with our friends." He compared the deal with those made with the Soviet Union in past decades.

"This deal demonstrates that American diplomacy can bring about real and meaningful change, change that makes our country and the world safer and more secure," Obama said.

 

Iran reaches historic nuclear deal with world powers

- Iran and the world powers group have agreed on a 150-plus page long 'Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action'

(AA) - Jul 14, 2015 - Iran and the world powers group, P5+1, have reached a milestone agreement over the nuclear issue in the Austrian capital of Vienna.

EU High Representative Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif both read out a joint statement at a press conference in Vienna Tuesday to announce that they agreed to the “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action”.

“The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action includes Iran’s own long-term plan with agreed limitations on Iran’s nuclear program, and will produce the comprehensive lifting of all UN Security Council sanctions as well as multilateral and national sanctions related to Iran’s nuclear program, including steps on access in areas of trade, technology, finance, and energy,” the statement said.

The plan of action leaked online to several news outlets and a Russian government website is 159 pages long "complex, detailed and technical" document, which reflects a step-by-step approach, and the reciprocal commitments to be endorsed by the UN Security Council.

Some of the key points in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action include:

1. Iran reaffirms that “under no circumstances will Iran ever seek, develop or acquire any nuclear weapons”.

2. If the plan of action is implemented successfully, it “will enable Iran to fully enjoy its right to nuclear energy for peaceful purposes under the relevant articles of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty”.

3. This plan “will produce the comprehensive lifting of all UN Security Council sanctions as well as multilateral and national sanctions related to Iran’s nuclear program, including steps on access in areas of trade, technology, finance and energy”.

4. The International Atomic Energy Agency will be requested to monitor and verify the nuclear-related measures.

5. Iran's long term plan includes “certain agreed limitations on all uranium enrichment and uranium enrichment-related activities, including certain limitations on specific research and development (R&D) activities for the first eight years, to be followed by gradual evolution, at a reasonable pace, to the next stage of its enrichment activities for exclusively peaceful purposes”.

6. Iran will “begin phasing out its IR-1 centrifuges in 10 years. During this period, Iran will keep its enrichment capacity at Natanz at up to a total installed uranium enrichment capacity of 5060 IR-1 centrifuges”.

 7. Iran will continue to conduct enrichment R&D in a manner that does not accumulate enriched uranium. “Iran's enrichment R&D with uranium for 10 years will only include IR-4, IR-5, IR-6 and IR-8 centrifuges, and Iran will not engage in other isotope separation technologies for enrichment of uranium. Iran will continue testing IR-6 and IR-8 centrifuges, and will commence testing of up to 30 IR-6 and IR-8 centrifuges after eight and a half years.”

8. Based on its long-term plan, “for 15 years, Iran will carry out its uranium enrichment-related activities, including safeguarded R&D exclusively in the Natanz Enrichment facility, keep its level of uranium enrichment at up to 3.67%, and, at Fordow, refrain from any uranium enrichment and uranium enrichment R&D and from keeping any nuclear material”.

9. Iran will convert its Fordow facility into a nuclear, physics and technology center.

10. During the 15 year period and as Iran gradually moves to meet international qualification standards for nuclear fuel produced in Iran, “it will keep its uranium stockpile under 300 kilograms of up to 3.67% enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF6) or the equivalent in other chemical forms”.

11. Iran will redesign and rebuild a modernized heavy water research reactor in Arak. However, there will be no additional heavy water reactors or accumulation of heavy water in Iran for 15 years.

12. A resolution will be implemented at the UN Security Council within 90 days that will terminate all provisions of previous UN resolutions on the Iranian nuclear issue, including 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008), 1929 (2010) and 2224 (2015).

13. The EU will also terminate all provisions of the EU regulation, implementing all nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions.

Earlier on Tuesday, Yukiya Amano, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, and Ali Akbar Salehi, Iranian vice-president and president of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, signed the “Road-map for the Clarification of Past and Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran's Nuclear Program."

The IAEA made a separate agreement with Iran over the country's Parchin military site. According to Iran’s news agency IRNA, Salehi said that the agreement was within the red lines specified by Iran.

Iran’s agreement is with the P5+1 countries which include U.K, China, France, Germany, Russia and the U.S.

Putin on Iran deal: 'World heaved a sigh of relief today'

ANKARA (AA) - Russia has welcomed the nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 world powers’ group in the Austrian capital of Vienna.

"We are certain that the world heaved a sigh of relief today," Russian President Vladimir Putin said Tuesday in a written statement issued on the official Kremlin website, following the announcement of the agreement.

"Russia will do everything in its power to ensure the full implementation of the Vienna agreements, assisting in strengthening global and regional security, global nuclear non-proliferation, the creation in the Middle East of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, and the mobilization of a broad coalition in the region to counter terrorist threats," the statement said.

“The comprehensive agreement rests on the solid foundation of international law, primarily the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and the IAEA safeguards, including the additional protocol. Despite the attempts to validate any scenarios based on the use of force, the parties to the negotiations made a choice in favor of stability and cooperation, which will be reflected in a corresponding UN Security Council resolution,” the statement said.

Putin also said in the statement that Iran now had a unique opportunity to continue developing its uranium enrichment under the “gradual lifting of sanctions”.

“Iran gets the opportunity to develop this program, including uranium enrichment, under IAEA control and with the gradual lifting of sanctions imposed against Tehran, something we have long called for. This is also important for the implementation of large-scale plans of peaceful nuclear cooperation between Russia and Iran that got support in the documents approved today,” he added.

He hoped that bilateral relations between Iran and Russia would receive a new impetus and would no longer be influenced by external factors.

The lower house of Russia's parliament, the State Duma, described the Iran nuclear agreement as "victory of diplomacy".

 

The Iran nuclear negotiations were supported by the UN Security Council and involved the P5+1 countries, Russia, China, U.S., France, Germany and the U.K.

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